Rose oil is one of the most exquisite fragrances Earth has ever emanated. We have evolved it in an art of aroma and a beauty of sensation.
Perceived as a global benchmark for quality.
Traditional containers used for rose oil
Rose oil unlimited shelf life
Advanced orders for best price
Rose oil, water, absolute, concrete
Bulgarian Rose Oil Key Indices
Rosa Damascena history
Rose oil is a natural product obtained by hydro distillation from fresh flowers of the oil-bearing rose – Rosa Damascena P. Mill cultivated in Rose Valley in Bulgaria, where this rose has found the most suitable conditions for its growth.
Precious substance from a fragile enriched by Mother Nature queen of flowers! Aromatics from Roses are a Bulgarian tradition of over 350 years old!
Organic rose oil with Ceres, USDA and JAS certification, as well as conventional rose oil.
One kilogram rose oil is usually obtained from 3 to 3.5 metric tons of rose blossom. In the composition of Bulgarian rose oil there are some 283 components. They are divided into two groups: carriers and fixatives of scent. The carriers of scent are the liquid parts of the oil – eleoptens. The fixatives of scent are solid at ambient temperature and odorless, but fix the scent and give it durability – stearoptens. Some of the many components of eleoptens of the rose oil scent are citronellol, geraniol, nerol, phenyl ethyl alcohol, but the typical rose aroma is formed by the presence of microelements. Rose oil is widely used in perfumery, cosmetics and medicine.
Traditional wooden vial caled muskal with 1 gram is attached to larger containers as sample. From antiquity up to the present days rose oil has been used not only for its unique scent but it is a base of the most expensive and high quality perfumes. It is a helpful medicine with a thousand-year-old application in medicinal practice.
Units of measure: 1 gram (g) = 0.0353 oz; 1 kilogram (kg) = 2.2046 lb; 1 ml rose oil = 0.87 g
The Rose oil shipping vessel (concum): Certified by the Bulgarian Rose Company's own Accredited Laboratory. Concums are available in the sizes 50, 100 and 250 grams; 1, 5 and 15 kg. Safe transportation of the costly rose oil required good packing. For this purpose, special tinned copper vessels in decorated wooden casing, called concums were designed. The so-called muskals, made of copper or glass, also inserted in poker-worked wooden and sometimes metal casings, were used for smaller quantities. Pictured here are the 50, 100 grams and 1 kilogram concums. More info on the concum ...
Rose oil (otto) concum 50 g (1.765 oz) # 11344
Rose oil (otto) concum 100 g (3.527 oz) # 11345
Rose oil (otto) concum 250 g (8.825 oz) # 11346
Rose oils trading practices: Rose oil is a liquid but it is traditionally traded in kilograms and not in liters to relate quantity of roses needed to produce a kilogram of oil. Rose oil storage and order preparation: Rose oil is stored in special conditions in the central laboratory maintaining specific temperature. When an order is received it is prepared by a commission that certifies the quality and accurate weight. Turnaround time is 3-4 business days.
Rose oil expiry term: The Rose oil does not have an expiration date, if stored under normal room conditions (18 to 35C). The rose oil is forever.
Advanced ordering: We offer price incentives for advanced ordering for deliveries for the next harvest year, which usually is the months of July and August when distillation is completed. We offer low minimum orders and in most cases no advanced deposits. Contact us for advanced orders here
Important information: There are several important considerations affecting the price of rose oil. Roses are collected during the months of May and June only. It takes approximately 3,000 - 3,500 kg (approx. 8,000 lbs) to obtain 1 kg (2.2046 lbs) of Rose oil. Increasing the available supply is only possible when new rose gardens are planted. It takes 2 years for the rose bushes to fully grow.
The first roses were brought to Thrace by the returning soldiers of Alexander of Macedon's garrisons. Belgian chronicle mentions that in 1210 crusaders saw large areas planted with roses near Edirne. It is however not clear whether it was not crusaders themselves who brought the roses to that region. The Rose Valley is a notion, generally associated with the location where the Bulgarian oil-bearing rose grows. More ...
It is generally accepted that there are more than 5000 varieties of roses, yet only a few of them exhibit that marked fragrance that is sought by perfumeries. The Bulgarian oil-bearing rose has been cultivated in the Rose Valley for more than 300 years now. It has established itself as a stable, independent type of rose, differing in its anatomy and physiology from the oil- bearing roses cultivated elsewhere, even from the original rose of the town of Kashan in Iran.
The oil-bearing rose species developed into an independent type as a result of the peculiar climate in the Rose Valley. It preserved its unique character due to a strictly applied new technology of multiplication and cultivation. This special technology, not used anywhere else, was adhered to by all rose growers in the region. More ...
Rose materials from the famous Rosa Damascena: essential oil and flower water, absolute and concrete.
The Bulgarian flora because of the country's geographical location and climatic conditions is very rich in bioactive substances. Rose oil is an essential oil also known as Rose otto, or Attar of roses. It is obtained through hydro distillation from the Rosa damascena P. Miller. An oily transparent liquid heterogeneous mass below 23°C with yellow color and aroma characteristic of roses.
Rose essential oil is steam distilled, also called hydro distilled from fresh Rosa Damascena petals in May and June of every year. Essential oils are concentrated hydrophobic liquids containing volatile aromatic compounds. The plant material is heated in order for it to release the contained aromatic compounds. The resulting oil is collected and further perfected.
Rose water is hydro distilled for skin and hair care, as well as ingredient in cosmetics. The flower waters distilled by us are not Hydrosols or Hydrolats, nor are Byproducts from essential oil distillation. Distilled from fresh plant material during the growing season of the plants.
Rose absolute is solvent extraction from Rosa Damascena through evaporation and purification of rose concrete. Solvent extraction is a different method from distillation for achieving richness of aromatic compounds. The absolutes are concentrated aromatic oily mixture extracted from plants. Typical solvents used are hexane and petroleum ether.
Rose concrete is obtained through solvent extraction. Used in cosmetics and for obtaining absolute. Concretes are obtained through the use of an organic solvent mixed with plant material. The resulting material is a wax like mass used in cosmetics, but whose primary use is to obtain absolutes.
We would like to emphasize that not all the Bulgarian Rose oil is the same. Based on scientific data and research Bulgarian State Standard has established values for quality Bulgarian Rose oil for key important indices. This specification is also a base for the European Pharmacopoeia specification of Rose oil.
Bulgarian Rose Oil Key Indices:
|Specific gravity at 30/15°C:||0,8206 - 0,8710|
|Freezing point, °C:||11,5 - 27,20|
|Polarization, °:||1,04 - 4,90|
|Acid number:||0,7081 - 4,2740|
|Ester number:||7,48 - 18,30|
|Acetyl number:||198 - 235|
|Saponification number, %:||8,16 - 21,914|
|Combined alcohols like C10H18O, %:||2,03 - 25,114|
|Free alcohols like C10H18O, %:||60,89 - 76,11|
|Stearoptene, %:||12,65 - 21,00|
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